Maria Montessori was born in the province of Ancona, Italy, in 1870. Her
parents encouraged her to become a teacher, one of the few careers open to
women of that era. Reluctant to accept a traditional role, she sought and
won admission to the University of Rome Medical School. In 1896, she
became the first female graduate.
On the staff of the University, she took a special interest in the process
by which young children learn. She founded the Casa dei Bambini
(Children's House), an innovative child care program, to study childhood
learning further. Her work led to a quiet revolution in educational theory
and practice, the Montessori Method. Through her research, writings, and
lectures, Dr. Montessori became an internationally respected authority on
Today's worldwide network of Montessori schools is the product of her
insight, originality, and untiring dedication.